The Maqaam-e-Ibraheem refers to the stone on which Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) stood on while He was building the Holy Kaaba. As Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) passed stones to Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) and as Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) continued putting them in place the Maqaam-e-Ibraheem amazingly continued rising higher and higher as the walls rose. ALLAH Almighty caused the marks and trace of his footprints to remain on the stone as a reminder to the Muslims and believers among His descendants.
Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) and Hazrat Ismaeel (AS) used to mention the following ayat or verse of Quran, as they were constructing the Holy Kaaba, verse 2:127 of Holy Quran:
And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.
Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) constructed the Holy Kaaba by using rocks from five mountains; Thubayr, Hira, Toor, Labnaan, and Jabalul Khayr. Toor Seena (Mount Sinai) is actually located in the eastern desert of Egypt. When Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) completed the construction of the Holy Kaaba, Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) was commanded by ALLAH Almighty, verse 22:27 of Holy Quran:
“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every deep and distant (wide) pass (to perform Hajj).”
At the time of Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) the Maqam was attached to the Holy Kaaba.
Even though the Arabs worshipped stones throughout the Period of Ignorance, not any one ever worshipped the Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black stone) or the Maqaam-e –Ibraheem (station of Ibraheem) although the Arabs revered them. It appears and shows that it was ALLAH’S explicit intention to protect the Maqam-e-Ibraheem from Shirk and all kinds of worship.
Note that the importance of the Maqam-e-Ibraheem is that it is a place for the performance of namaz or salah and not for kissing or touching. When there are lots of pilgrims performing tawaaf or circumambulation it is better to perform namaz or salah some distance away from the Maqam-e-Ibraheem to avoid causing unnecessary problems and inconvenience to others.
Verse 3:97 of Holy Quran
In it are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. And whoever enters it shall be safe. And [due] to ALLAH from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way. But whoever disbelieves – then indeed, ALLAH is free from need of the worlds.
In the present day, the Maqaam-e-Ibraheem, with the stone within, is placed in front of the door of the Holy Kaaba. The stone is about 2 x 3 feet. The Maqaam–e– Ibraheem (” Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) place of standing”) is a rock kept in a dome next to the Holy Kaaba in Makkah. The footprint in it is believed, according to Muslim tradition, to have been made by Hazrat Ibraheem (AS) when He was lifting stone blocks to construct the Holy Kaaba.